The hottest industry 40 a play Germany made for Ch

2022-08-26
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Industry 4.0, a play Germany made for China

considering the reality of the new manufacturing industry, it is impossible for Germany to work for Industry 4.0. What Germany is more willing to do is to take the lead in building a sample of industry 4.0, show the scene of industry 4.0 to the world through the sample, and then sell advanced industrial software of industry 4.0 to other countries. In other words, in the era of industry 4.0, Germany will change from a country that sells machinery and equipment to a country that sells industrial software, while China sells products now and in the future

is industry 4.0 really a gimmick

of course it's true

however, it is another play, a German play for China

I believe many people will have such a misunderstanding: once industry 4.0 comes, the European manufacturing industry led by Germany will revive, European countries will seize the vast majority of global manufacturing orders, and China's manufacturing foundation in the past 30 years will be completely disintegrated. However, is this really the case

to answer this question, we must first explain what industry 4.0 is

in fact, there are many explanations about the concept of industry 4.0. We don't need to introduce it all the way from the German national strategy to the Hannover industrial exhibition. However, we can now refine several cores of industry 4.0:

first, the final mode of industry 4.0 is a business form of full value chain integration. It can be divided into three parts: horizontal integration among enterprises, end-to-end integration of value chain processes, and vertical integration within enterprises. However, at this stage and for a period of time thereafter, the industrial 4.0 talked about by the Germans is still mainly about the vertical integration within the enterprise

second, industry 4.0 introduces two new elements in the whole value chain of manufacturing, distribution and supply, and product delivery, one is interconnection, the other is big data

third, industry 4.0 extends interconnection to plants and workshops, breaking the information island and information heat island effect of factories in the industrial era. Thus, the exchange of factory data flow and Internet data flow, of course, brings great security risks, but thus activates the imagination of industry and manufacturing. Test method for compressive strength of light partition board

fourth, industry 4.0 adds data to production as an industrial element and makes it the most creative productivity. Part of the available data comes from the access of Internet data streams; The other part is the huge production data accumulated by the factory in the cumulative production process. These previously dusty data will maximize the value under the production mode of industry 4.0

fifth, industry 4.0 is a revolution about intelligent manufacturing, but it is not an efficiency revolution. It can realize flexible manufacturing, maximize the use of materials and the intensification of labor costs on the premise of ensuring private customization, but it will not be more efficient than the current factory

therefore, industry 4.0 is essentially a revolution to meet human needs for a higher quality of life. It has changed human lifestyles and people's understanding of industrial products and other commodities. It makes products no longer unified and cold objects, reshapes multiple cooperative relationships in the value chain, shifts the focus of production from the factory to the user end, and allows the final people to participate in the production process. They input their requirements for products and creativity to the factory

will industry 4.0 bring about changes in efficiency? Of course. But the most obvious part of the efficiency change is not in the factory, but in the connection process and resource collaboration. If we only examine the internal situation of the manufacturing plant, industry 4.0 will not have higher production efficiency than the current single assembly line production

after using the industrial 4.0 software with higher automation level, the factory can quickly make adjustments in mold replacement, troubleshooting and other aspects. The computer software can turn a large number of previous drawings, documents and manual input into console operation. Moreover, industry 4.0 can enable factories to have the ability of flexible production. The same assembly line can produce components of different styles, models and categories at the same time. What cannot be achieved in the past can be achieved in the future

however, if we compare a smart factory and an ordinary manufacturing factory horizontally, industry 4.0 does not win much in terms of output per unit time in medical and health care. We can only say that it solves new problems and has the ability to diversify production. A vivid metaphor is that industry 4.0 has achieved brainless production. Ordinary factories are brainless production, and the efficiency of brainless production can be guaranteed

now the problem comes. If industry 4.0 is not an efficiency revolution, isn't it ridiculous for us to talk about German industry to subvert Chinese industry? Because at present, although the total demand for material products of people all over the world is relatively saturated, it is still growing. In relatively developed areas, people have new material requirements, that is, personalized products. Germany 4.0 of course came to meet personalized production, but the innate size of German (European) industry determines that the current manufacturing capacity of Germany and the whole Europe cannot meet the world's product demand without improving production efficiency

at present, who is the country that mainly undertakes the supply of material products in the world? It's China. In fact, the gradual decline of European manufacturing industry is an irreversible trend. Europe's employment system, labor costs, environmental requirements and the basic form of industry have all decided that Europe will no longer be the manufacturing center of the world. In the past three decades, European manufacturing has been constantly transferring abroad, and the main destination is China

in this large-scale wave of European manufacturing immigrants, Europe has closed a large number of factories, and almost all new factories have been opened to emerging countries such as China. However, over the past three decades, Germany and other European countries have still maintained the highest participation in industrial manufacturing. How did they do that? The reason is that Germany and other countries have made good use of their two advantages: the first is manufacturing brands, and the second is manufacturing equipment

BMW, Mercedes Benz, Audi and other cars can be produced in China, and the brand value and maximum profit are owned by Germany, which is the advantage of manufacturing brands; Siemens can lose its consumer appliances, consumer electronics and other businesses, but the factories that produce these products use more Siemens machines, which is the advantage of manufacturing equipment. By controlling these two advantages, Germany and other European countries can still continue to dominate world manufacturing

however, the speed of technological and economic development is ushering in a new reshuffle of national forces. In recent years, European countries such as Germany are facing increasingly severe challenges. The first force is the Internet industry led by the United States and followed by China. Through the penetration of Internet culture, the brand aura of European manufacturing industry began to break gradually. For example, Tesla in the United States has replaced BMW, Mercedes Benz and even the traditional famous brand sports cars in Europe as a new symbol of taste and value; The intelligence of apple and China and South Korea directly destroyed Nokia. This means that the manufacturing brand advantage in Europe is slowly losing

the second force is that China has gradually grown from a simple OEM country to challenge traditional industrial control giants such as Siemens and ABB in manufacturing equipment. More and more Chinese factories begin to use domestic equipment for industrial production, and the advantages of European countries in industrial control equipment are likely to be lost

these two deep-seated crises have stimulated European countries such as Germany to redefine the manufacturing industry from a higher strategic level, so as to maintain its current industrial and national status. Therefore, industry 4.0 came into being

facing industry 4.0, Germany has made a new plan to regain the right to control the manufacturing industry: first, manufacturing brands began to constantly update themselves, and those luxury watches with century old glory in Europe began to cooperate with the United States to build smart watches; BMW and Mercedes Benz began to pay attention to Google, Tesla and other competitors, and made efforts to intelligent driverless. Secondly, Germany began to recognize the fact that the manufacturing equipment market in Germany will also be seized, and the entry of enterprises from China and other countries is the general trend. So, the last and most important point is that Germany needs to find a counter measure. What should we do if the electronic universal testing machine breaks down, continue to make people willing to believe that it is made in Germany, and export new goods in the industrial field. Germany thought of industry 4.0, a value, a rich engineering capability possessed by Germany, and the core leading to industry 4.0, industrial system software

as mentioned above, industry 4.0 is a good concept and a good value, but considering the reality of the new manufacturing industry, it is impossible for Germany to work for Industry 4.0. What Germany is more willing to do is to take the lead in building a sample of industry 4.0, show the scene of industry 4.0 to the world through the sample, and then sell advanced industrial software of industry 4.0 to other countries. In other words, in the era of industry 4.0, Germany will change from a country that sells machinery and equipment to a country that sells industrial software, while China sells products now and in the future! Germany Industry 4.0 aims at China as the largest customer for this purpose

now it seems that China's status as the world's manufacturing center has been basically established. It is difficult to find such a continent in the world. It has so many cheap labor, has a hard-working character, has the ability of centralized government mobilization, and has the advantage of being closest to the consumer market. Although at present, the most talked about is the rise of China's labor costs, at the same time, don't forget that China's industry and manufacturing industry have reached a very high international manufacturing level in the accumulation of more than 30 years, with the world's most intensive and advanced production and manufacturing workshops, the largest number of managers and skilled workers, which have become China's unshakable advantages. The eight hour working system of German and other European national standards and the long lost industrial enthusiasm are difficult to challenge China. Instead, Germany simply withdrew from the direct production and manufacturing links, reconsidered the concept of manufacturing, and transformed this concept into products for sale to China, so industry 4.0 had the basis of national and enterprise interests

therefore, industry 4.0 is more like a play that Germany does for China. However, in this play, Germany directly promotes the seamless trading between enterprises and precise customers. If the country wants to recover the sense of existence of manufacturing industry, China can also take this opportunity to re upgrade the manufacturing industry. Since each takes what he needs and conforms to the trend of the future scientific and technological human culture, why can't we work together to play it well

Germans are good at philosophical thinking. They believe that ideas can guide the world; Chinese philosophy is approaching practicality. We believe that practicality can rule the world. This time, German philosophy seems to have succeeded again

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