The hottest industry 40 has damaged the German man

2022-08-18
  • Detail

Industry 4.0 damaged German manufacturing by 50billion in two years

Introduction: Germany is synonymous with strong industrial technology in our consciousness. However, in today's industrial 4.0 era, most German enterprises lack basic awareness of network safety protection, resulting in huge property losses. What can we learn from Germany's dilemma? What problems need to be overcome in the era of Chinese industry 4.0

Germany is famous in China for its rigorous and powerful industrial technology. Up to now, there are still legends in the Jianghu, such as a German car accident that knocked the mountain into a tunnel or the sewer system built by the Germans in Qingdao, which is still in use today. Aside from these paragraphs, today's concept of industry 4.0 is still followed by Germany

but if I tell you that Germany's industrial system is facing difficulties that are difficult to solve, you will not believe it

a recent security research report released by bitkom, the German Association for information technology, telecommunications and new media, shows that a large number of manufacturing industries in Germany have been attacked in the past two years, bringing about 43billion euros (50billion dollars) of industrial losses. Bitkom asked 503 German manufacturing managers or safety directors in various fields, and 68% made it clear that they had been attacked. Among them, 47% of the losses come from network attacks, that is to say, from the upgrading of industrial systems in IOT, intelligent manufacturing and so on. What can China, which is rushing towards intelligent manufacturing, learn from Germany

first, the former employee who took a few more boxes of paper clips can now destroy your production line.

the primary reason for this situation is that it is too easy to upgrade technology, but it is too difficult to maintain the entire technical system. Manufacturing oriented enterprises begin to engage in technology halfway, just like letting an excellent student majoring in machinery learn computer from scratch, and quickly grow to the level of CTO. It is conceivable that it is difficult. Although many service enterprises are good at automatic control technology, this and network security are completely two majors

according to the analysis of foreign media: at present, many industrial machines, equipment and robots have built-in systems and software that are relatively old. Once connected, the probability of being attacked and having no way to resist will rise sharply. However, many enterprises do not even have the basic awareness of network security protection, and are always opening the door to unscrupulous people

at the same time, the upgrading of IOT makes the cost of crime cheaper, but the cost performance ratio is greatly improved

bitkom's report mentioned that up to 63% of all attacks came from current or former employees

this figure is amazing, that is to say, the industrial IOT began to collapse from the inside before it was the turn of external attacks. The reason may be commercial espionage, or even the Revenge of former employees. Only in the past, these insiders may only take a few documents or more boxes of paper clips, but today, when IOT connects everything, the danger from inside is unimaginable. The cost of implementing commercial espionage and commercial infringement has been greatly reduced

second, what dangers have intelligent manufacturing, which is different from industry 4.0, avoided

however, in terms of the development mode of the overall industrial IOT, there are still great differences between China and Germany, which leads to different security problems faced by both sides. Germany, based on its own strong technological advantages, emphasizes technology driven production optimization to ensure its leading position in the field of production and engineering, while China is affected by overcapacity, economic restructuring, etc. 1. Stretching and tightening limited space, and emphasizing industrial modernization to improve production efficiency. These two directions are quite different

this also determines that Chinese and German enterprises are not the same in terms of security issues

first of all, the biggest difference between the two sides is that the industrial IOT in Germany is self driven by automation control enterprises, while most of China is dominated by bat and other technology enterprises. For example, Bosch Rexroth, a well-known German company, was founded in the 1970s and has been committed to the research of mechanical transmission and control technology. In recent years, it has launched a digital value stream to realize the command transmission and cloud information interaction of various production stations through RFID tags

or Siemens, Mercedes Benz and Mercedes Benz, which own a perfect technology chain. For example, Siemens independently launched mindsphere, an open IOT operating system based on cloud computing

however, in China, due to the relatively backward industrial system, bat is still playing a leading role in the promotion of the overall industrial IOT. For example, baidu launched Tiangong intelligent IOT, and Alibaba cloud also listed intelligent manufacturing as one of the four main areas

in fact, it is not only bat that started from Internet. Chip manufacturers such as Intel and IBM, which used to serve traditional enterprises, are also exploring IOT opportunities in China's manufacturing industry

the difference between Germany and China is that new businesses have emerged. Germany is letting old employees devote part of their energy to doing it, while China has simply set up a new department. It's not easy to judge who has a higher level and efficiency, but if there are problems such as information security, it must be the China Industrial IOT, which adopts a new Department model, that can be more clearly accountable

this clear mechanism also forms a constraint, so that the leaders of the upgrading of China's industrial IOT can pay more attention to safety issues and unified management

in addition, we can also see that the transformation logic of the industrial IOT of both sides is different: Germany usually completely transforms the production line, while China usually tends to deploy lightly. From the above cases of Siemens and Bosch Rexroth, it can be seen that Germany can start the transformation from the inside of the production line because of the complete control of its own industrial equipment

just like FESTO, which is mainly driven by electricity and pneumatics, has begun to study bionic robots applied to intelligent factories in recent years. Germany is changing industrial production from the bottom

however, China usually advertises end, edge, pipe and cloud. The end in the physical world is only a part of IOT, which is usually realized by chips, sensors or modules. Take an inappropriate example: if the same problem is to improve production efficiency, Germany may choose to add more automatic control systems to the production end to speed up production; China may choose to add cameras and image recognition algorithms to the quality inspection end to speed up the quality inspection process

this also determines that the German industrial IOT is more affected by security issues. An attack may cause paralysis in the physical level of the factory, while the impact of the Chinese model is relatively small, which may only affect some components of the production line

third, what are the hidden dangers of the seemingly safe China Industrial IOT

but if for the above reasons, we conclude that China's industrial IOT is safer than Germany, it is undoubtedly a kind of Ah Q self comfort. Although there is no organization like bitkom to investigate the safety of the China Industrial IOT, it does not mean that our model is safe

the industrial IOT of the Chinese model faces at least the following three problems:

service ports are concentrated in bat and other technology giants. If hackers succeed, they are prone to catastrophic large-scale problems. If science and technology enterprises really lead the upgrading of the industrial IOT in the future, the problem is likely to be too concentrated and the goal is too large, which will lead to a centralized offensive

China's manufacturing industry has usually gone through a round of informatization upgrading in ERP and cloud storage with an attitude of excellence, but most of the service enterprises at that time have faded out of the market. How to couple informatization and intelligent services is likely to become the focus of the attack

although Germany is also facing the greater risk of automation technology enterprises not being familiar with the way of holding shares and the problem of Internet security, at least these enterprises are still trying to make up for their shortcomings. But in China, the enterprise that provided it services to you ten years ago may have closed down for a long time. Solving these remaining problems will be a lot of trouble

finally, compared with Europe and the United States, from the size and foundation of China's manufacturing industry, the demand gap for personnel in information security is greater after the intelligent upgrading

we have a huge industrial system, but the talent reserve is extremely poor. Time angle and other real-time collection and display

frankly speaking, if the talents in IOT security are supplemented in the future, colleges and universities in Europe and the United States can continuously export talents, but our academic system is too poor, and there are a large number of technology enterprises and AI Enterprises competing with traditional enterprises for talents

in other words, the China Industrial IOT may be safer today than the German model, but it is likely to face more problems in its future development

we can find that all changes are not isolated. The upgrading of industrial IOT does not mean that enterprises can hire fewer production workers to save costs, but may also mean that they need to establish an information security department and pay a higher price to hire IT personnel

at the same time, the industrial IOT has also brought a new centralization of power. Information and value are concentrated in the control system of the square screen. How to reallocate power and business privacy control in the enterprise architecture? How should those in power improve themselves

in a word, the upgrading of the industrial IOT is not only about adding a few chips and cameras to the production line (even if it seems like this), but also touches on the deep change of the industrial model. Today we have just begun

Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI