Analysis on key points and difficulties of ERP imp

2022-08-04
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Analysis on key points and difficulties of ERP implementation in pump industry Abstract: the success or failure of ERP implementation is crucial to the development of any enterprise, as well as the pump industry with good development momentum

with the arrival of the era of economic globalization and market diversification, enterprises must establish an efficient and dynamic rapid response system; Informatization is not only the inevitable choice of enterprises, but also a sharp weapon and means to enhance the competitiveness of enterprises. However, in the process of introducing ERP system into enterprises, implementation is an extremely key and the most easily ignored link. Because the success or failure of implementation ultimately determines the full play of ERP benefits. According to incomplete statistics, in all ERP system applications, there are three situations: only 10%-20% of them have successfully implemented the system integration on schedule and according to the budget; Only 30%-40% of them have not realized system integration or partial integration; 50% of them failed. Therefore, fully grasp the key points and difficulties of ERP implementation and adopt scientific implementation methods

analysis on characteristics of pump industry

pump is a machine that converts mechanical energy into liquid energy and is used to pressurize and transport liquid. Pump is the most widely used and universal general machinery in the national economy. In addition to water conservancy and electric power, petrochemical production accounts for the most. From the perspective of industry division, the pump industry belongs to a typical mechanical equipment manufacturing industry; From the basic type of manufacturing system, it belongs to a typical discrete manufacturing industry, and the production process has the nature of "processing assembly". 1. Necessary points for pre use inspection of waterproof coiled material tensile testing machine

1. Characteristics of products in the pump industry

the structure of pump products is complex. Unlike the process industry, its products are not fixed, and the product composition changes with the changes of the market. Due to the complex product structure and heavy design tasks, it is not only necessary to continuously develop new products, but also there are a large number of variant design tasks in the generation process of old products. Therefore, enterprises are required to have strong product development capabilities, including research capabilities in pump performance, wear mechanism, wear-resistant materials, etc

although the production of each product needs to go through the processes of blank manufacturing, machining, purchasing of purchased parts, assembly of components and assembly of the whole machine, the manufacturing processes of different products are still very different

in addition, the products of the pump industry also have a distinctive feature. The materials of parts and components under the pump structure change very frequently. Basically, each customer has its own personalized material requirements for designated parts, resulting in the vast majority of products produced by the pump enterprises being one-time

2. Operation and management characteristics of the pump industry

the customers of the pump industry are mostly concentrated in water conservancy, chemical industry, metallurgy, electric power, mining, coal, building materials and other industries. Based on the particularity of these industries, the ordering mode of combining orders with commodity parts is common, and there is usually an overall solution for large projects, so the project-based personalized demand is becoming more and more urgent

in terms of sales, sales management mainly adopts the combination of sales in the form of dividing sales regions, industry-specific solutions and standard product sales

3. Production management characteristics of the pump industry

the pump industry has the commonness of the general machinery industry and the individuality of the pump industry. The production mode includes mass production of standard products and personalized production of single piece and small batch. In terms of manufacturing mode, it is necessary to support not only multi variety and different batch production types, but also single piece production type, inventory stock production and project-based personalized production mode

the product has a long production cycle, with a short production cycle of weeks and a long production cycle of more than half a year. The production plan is difficult to control, resulting in frequent changes in the production process; In addition, there are many personalized requirements, the personalized management requirements of the production process are high, and the production process is difficult to control

4. Cost accounting characteristics of the pump industry

due to the long sales cycle of pump products, some large pump products have a payment collection span of more than one year through the project, so it is difficult to analyze the sales profit. In addition, the product structure and production process are highly personalized, especially for project-based large pump products, cost accounting is particularly complex, difficult to fine management, and usually can only be accounted after the event

analysis on the key points and difficulties of commonality

erp system has some common links that need special attention in the implementation process. It has the same importance in the implementation process of different industries

1. Preparation of basic data

"three points of technology, seven points of management, and twelve points of data", a popular saying in the ERP industry, fully explains the importance of data in the ERP implementation process, and the preparation of basic data is the most important, because the preparation of basic data in the early stage is the key to ensure the correct operation of the system. The basic data in ERP includes material code, bill of materials (BOM), organization, warehouse attribute settings, etc; Before the preparation of basic data, it is important to fully instill the importance of basic data preparation in the relevant business departments and the implementation team of the information center. In addition, in the process of data preparation, the efficiency of work and data accuracy should be highlighted. The completion time of each basic data preparation shall be determined in advance, and the implementation time and accuracy shall be assessed accordingly

2. Project implementation supervision and feedback mechanism

when the personnel of both parties decide to implement the implementation plan, if the following departments do not comply with the requirements or do not fully comply with the requirements, it will cause resistance to the successful implementation of ERP, and the establishment of project feedback and supervision mechanism plays this role. The weekly planning and summary meetings are very helpful for arranging weekly tasks and reflecting the problems encountered in the implementation and seeking the support of various departments. In addition, during the implementation of the plan, the strategy of "tightening before loosening" should be adopted as far as possible, especially for those enterprises with low executive ability; And this point should be controlled at the beginning of the project, otherwise it will not be controlled or managed

3. Business process reengineering and adaptive setting of software functions

there are always some differences between the products of software vendors and the actual needs of customers. ERP system is based on standardized and standardized business processes. Therefore, if you want to successfully apply ERP system, you must redesign and optimize enterprise business processes. However, any business process reengineering will pay a price for the enterprise. Therefore, it is required to combine the function setting adjustment of software products with the process reengineering of the enterprise, and select the best combination point to minimize the cost of the enterprise on the premise of meeting the requirements of both parties. Of course, taking into account the future development needs of the enterprise, the necessary restructuring should be resolutely promoted

4. Training

the importance of training in ERP implementation is well known, and different training contents should be organized for different people at different stages of implementation. However, the implementation experience of ERP project shows that the implementation consultants of software enterprises first train the personnel of the implementation team of the customer's enterprise, and then they train the end users of the enterprise. This two-level training method can not only reduce the workload of the implementation consultants, but also facilitate the later maintenance of the system. In addition, the assessment and rewards and punishments after the training are also very key links, which should be implemented in practice

analysis of key points and difficulties of personalization

the characteristics of products, processes and orders of pump enterprises determine that there are special key points and difficult links in the ERP implementation process of pump enterprises that need to be personalized

1. Material classification, coding and configuration

the complexity of pump product structure makes it difficult for pump enterprises to implement material classification in ERP. It can be classified according to the product series, and the finished products, parts and blanks can be subdivided under each series, and the general parts and non general parts can be subdivided under the parts and components; You can also directly divide finished products, semi-finished products, blanks, etc. into material categories, and then subdivide the medium category and sub category in each category. In short, material classification should be based on the actual situation of the enterprise's materials, and should also take into account factors such as material category authorization and financial account settings in the system in the future. At the same time, the classification should be determined earlier, otherwise the subsequent coding work cannot be carried out

since pump enterprises mainly produce according to orders, many products and their corresponding codes are one-off. Moreover, with the change of customer demand, the codes of many purchased parts need to be continuously added later. Enterprises need to arrange personnel from relevant departments to be proficient in coding maintenance as soon as possible

in addition, some frequently changing material related information should not be included in the code, but in the configuration information, such as adjusting the lifting pipe, adjusting the length of the protective pipe, the manufacturer of the motor and bearing, the color of the paint, etc

the material combination information of the parts in the finished product shall be determined according to the specific situation. In the finished products of some pump enterprises, there are usually sixorseven kinds of parts whose materials often change, and there are threeorfour kinds of changes in the materials of each part. Through arrangement and combination, there may be thousands of parts' material combinations in a pump. Of course, there are many combinations that will not appear at all. If the material combination information is put into the code, a large number of codes that will never be used will be generated, and it needs to spend energy to make BOM for them; If the material combination information is put into the configuration, the number of material codes will be greatly reduced. There is no need to enter a large amount of useless BOM data in advance, but there is some workload in later BOM maintenance

2. The most prominent feature of the customer bom

pump industry is the personalization and diversification of customer orders, which requires that the ERP system in the sales management subsystem can generate corresponding sales orders according to customer requirements, and configure the corresponding material composition structure (customer BOM) to ensure that the plan decomposition and subsequent quota picking have corresponding BOM data. Moreover, among the customer's personalized needs, some parts under the pump product structure are mandatory, some are optional, and some are optional. Therefore, the software function settings need to meet the customer's personalized needs

3. Order change and plan, work order adjustment

according to statistics, the sales order change of some pump enterprises accounts for as much as 80% of the total orders. The types of order changes roughly include: ① changing peripheral parameters such as delivery method and delivery place; ② Increase the quantity of products in the sales order or add new products; ③ Reduce the quantity of products in the sales order, or even cancel the sales order; ④ The unit price or delivery date of the product in the sales order changes

the first case is easier to handle. If the order has been approved or broken down and the work order has been issued, a change notice can be directly issued to the relevant departments; In the second case, you need to add an additional sales order, and the new document must be associated with the original order (for example, through the same contract number). Then, MPs is generated for the new order, broken down, and the work order is released; In the third case, it is also necessary to add a new document to be associated with the original order, but the quantity and amount in the order must be offset with the original order, and notify the relevant departments to adjust the work order execution plan with the help of the change notice; In the fourth case, when the unit price changes, you also need to add a new document for association. If you only change the delivery date, you need to manually control it in the actual production scheduling

4. Support four production methods

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